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For. a long time I have tried to get a correct list
of the Zulu Kings and -rulers, so far as Zulu memory carries.
I commenced getting their names and order of succession from
King Cetywayo, who gave me the following list
Umalandela, which two are known
" the Ancients," and from whom the Angonis (really Abanguni)
I have enquired from other old men, but they have
confirmed Cetywayo. I am not
surprised at this confirmation, for Cetywayo, like the other Zulu monarchs, was
the depositary of Zulu knowledge and history. I only made a casual
enquiry into Zulu History, and found that I could not get an agreed and
connected account, I abstained from enquiring, in that direction, any further,
and so I will, not attempt to give much of Zulu history. I
should have asked Cetywayo,
but I did not. So far as one can
gather, Uzulu was the younger brother of Uqwahe, and the Uqwabe should have
succeeded Untombela, but Uzulu outwitted I'm) and became the King of Zulu land
after Untombela, and from him Uzulu the Zulu nation has taken its
name. So far as one can gather the
above is the direct line of the Kings of the people (Natives) who came into
Zululand many decades ago, and who I will attempt to show were the descendants
of the Ethiopians who came under the power, by conquest, of Moses, though there
were many other leading chiefs subordinate
to those Kings, and who gradually set up their own governments.
As always happens, in the best regulated families of tribes
and nations, some-thing eventuates, which leads to a clash, and a final
emergence of an individual who swoops down, wipes out his opponents and then
concentrates under himself the wealth and governments of his opponents, and
that is what King Tshaka did; but all that he gathered under himself has now
been gathered by others, and so things will go on for ever.
Now this Tshaka came on the scene in a peculiar manner, so far
as can be gathered: he is known as
son of King Senzangakona,
per his wife Nandi. But when Nandi conceived him she was not the wedded wife of
Senzangakona, who after the conception acknowledged him as his son
Nandi was the chief
daughter of Mbhengi, a great Chief of those days, and lived in the Nguga kraal.
The Zulus used to carry on circumcision ceremonies in those days, as they
did for many years thereafter, and these ceremonies were carried out away from
the usual home in the veldt, in temporary establishments.
Prince Senzanakona was out with others of his age, in one of those
establishments, which was really of temporary poles and branches, going through
circumcision ceremonies, and feasting, as is usually the case during those
ceremonies, meat and food is supplied in great abundance, and it so happened
that a passer by belonging to the said Nguga kraal section of the tribe called where the ceremonies were being carried out, and
was feasted with many good things by tire young prince; when he got to the
Inguga kraal he happened to speak about the great kindness and the liberality of
that young Prince and Nandi overheard him, whereapon she called together her
girls-in-waiting to go with her to see that Prince, and asked the man who had
been praising him, to go with them to show them the place where the Prince was;
he consequently took them there, and when they had got near to the desired
object, they were told to stand a little way off, and they were asked what they
had come for, oil which
Nandi replied that she had come to see the Prince. When she was asked concerning what had she come to see the
Prince, she replied that she loved him, and she was pregnated by him that day,
and returned to the Inguga kraal with her companions.
Nandi and the Prince were strangers to one another to that clay.
That pregnancy was kept a secret until the secret could not be kept any
longer, and Nandi was confined and bore the child Tshaka, which was taken to
Nandi's mother's home to be nursed and brought up.
Here Tshaka and the chief son of Mlhengi fell out, and Nandi's mother,
fearing that Tshaka might be kilted here, took him away to the Mtetwa tribe, where
she was born, to her own mother, with whom she left him to be brought up.
Later on Senzangakona visited the Mtetwa tribe, but became ill and on his
return home died. Subsequently Dingiswayo, the Chief of the Mtetwa tribe,
who had taken over Tshaka, and showed him great favors because of his daring and
bravery, made a visit to Chief Zwide ka Langa of the Ndwandwe tribe, who,
without any apparent cause or reason, caused him to be killed-whereupon Tshaka
collected the Mtetwa regiments, attacked Zwide and his tribe, and routed them,
in revenge for the killing of Dingiswavo.
This was what set the Tshaka stone rolling till it had rough rolled
anti conquered all the Native tribes from Zululand to the Cape and Basautoland.
Dingana and Mpande were sons of Senzangakona by other and separate wives. Tshaka was cruel, but not any more cruel than our ancestor
rulers, and many rulers of modern times who have had it in their minds that
one's opponents must be sent West in order that they may have their own way.
Let it be understood that I am not advocating cruelty, as I hate cruelty,
but I maintain rule of the masses must be with a firmer hand than it has been of
late, not many human beings do not appreciate what liberty is as, for example,
see the Laborites, who have gradually grown into Socialists, Communists, anti
Bolshevists, and have almost ruined the nations to which they belong.
Mussolini rule is what is wanted for these. Tshaka always led his men to the fight, and always was
able to say ‘Come on’
instead ‘of go on’. Tshaka
was a great friend of the English, presented to the English inhabitants of
Durban a large strip of seashore land, on part of which Durban now stands, and
instead of ill-treating M.r. Fynn and his companions, who had been stranded on
the Zululand coast, helped them to get to the Durban Bluff.
What have we done for Tshaka's Zulus to show our gratitude.